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Abstracts

Electronic Poster Presentation Abstract

Bullying as Perceived by Adolescent Students, School Counselors, and Teachers
Ramon Eduardo Gustilo Villasor, Sr., Ph.D., RP, R.G.C., CSCOP, CSDP
De La Salle University – Manila

Abstract:

Bullying, as perceived by adolescent students, their school counselors, and their teachers was the focus of this study.  The subjects were first-year high school students, male and female, between the ages of 12 and 14, from a public school (N = 77) and a private school (N = 73); 8 guidance counselors, 4 from the public school and 4 from the private school; and 6 teachers, 3 from the public school and 3 from the private school.  Focused group discussions, a constructed questionnaire, and one-on-one interviews were the methods used in collating the date for this study.

Results revealed that verbal bullying is the more predominant type of bullying among private school respondents while physical bullying is more common among public school respondents.  Students perceived the bully to be a “show off,” who puts others down.  Teachers perceive the bully to have problems with personal relationships.  Among public school students, the common target is the homosexual.  The experience of being bullied creates fear and anger in the victim and avoidance of the bully is the likely response.  The respondents—students, guidance counselors, and teachers perceive bullies to work in groups.  Results also reveal that at present, the schools in this study do not have a separate provision for handling bullies, addressing bullying behavior, and working with victims of bullies.

Parallel Oral Presentation Abstract

Help-Seeking Behavior of Male College Basketball Players: Context, Process, Barriers, and Intervention
Ramon Eduardo Gustilo Villasor, Sr., Ph.D., RP, R.G.C., CSCOP, CSDP
De La Salle University – Manila

Abstract:

This study explored the help-seeking behavior (HS) among male college basketball players, the context it takes place, the process involved, the specific barriers, and the possible interventions to promote help-seeking.  This is a two-part study.

A survey was initially conducted to establish the help-seeking preferences of the student-athletes.  The second part of the study involved the preparation and try-out of a student-athlete intervention to promote help-seeking behavior.  A total of 114 student-athletes and 19 indentified help-givers from 8 schools affiliated with the University Athletics Association of the Philippines (UAAP) and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) participated in the study.

Among the measures used was the Barriers to Help Seeking Scale (BHSS).  Content analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were employed.  Results showed that student-athletes were more likely to seek help for concerns that they could not handle independently.  Typical concerns were time management, financial and academic difficulties as well as the lack of sufficient rest.  Student-athletes sought help from help-givers at least five or more times over the course of six months.  Parents, friend(s), and siblings were recognized as preferred helpers.

Experience and approachability were seen as preferred help-givers’ qualities.  The house of the preferred helper was seen as the most ideal help-seeking venue.  The preferred help-seeking process is to identify a problem and select a help-giver who could assist the student-athlete regarding his concern.  The barriers to seeking help were more internal than external.  Findings have implications with regards to counseling.

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